Applying First Aid For A Head Injury

Overview Of A Head Trauma

  • Head trauma is a wound that distresses the skull and/or the brain
  • Injuries sustained to the head can be minor or very severe
  • Injuries to the head can be classified as either ‘closed’ or ‘penetrating’
  • ‘Closed’ injuries – when the head smashes against a blunt item
  • Closed injuries often result in a concussion
  • ‘Penetrating’ injuries – an item infiltrates the skull and goes through the brain

Causes Of Head Traumas

  • Accidents that occur on the road
  • Work-related accidents
  • Injuries that occur due to an assault
  • Head traumas from falling
    Head trauma is an wound that distresses the skull and/or the brain

    Head trauma is a wound that distresses the skull and/or the brain

  • Sport-related injuries

Symptoms Of Head Traumas

  • Losing consciousness
  • Blood loss
  • Queasiness
  • Nose starts running or a discharge of fluid
  • Hearing problems, blurry vision, taste, smell
  • Problems related to speech
  • Heart rate appears to be irregular
  • Convulsions
  • Casualty can become paralyzed
  • Head traumas can result in a coma
  • Personality can start to change
  • Psychological issues can start to emerge

Treatment For A Head Trauma 

For slight head traumas:

  • Place ice on the affected area to reduce inflammation
  • The extent of the accident is not associated to the severity of the injury
  • Check the casualty cautiously for bleeding

For moderate to serious head injuries:

  • Look to see if the casualty’s breathing pattern is consistent
  • Start CPR if you notice the casualty is not breathing
  • If there are signs of blood loss, compress the area with a fresh cloth
  • If the cloth becomes drenched in blood, place a new cloth over the initial one
  • Do not get rid of fragments from the wound
  • If the casualty is throwing up, turn them on their side
  • To reduce the chances of spinal injury – hold the casualty’s head, neck and body in a straight line
  • Keep the casualty in one position
  • If the casualty is unconscious, treat it as if it were a spinal cord injury
  • Position the head in alliance with the spine
  • Acquire medical assistance right away.

Phone Your GP If:

  • Blood loss
  • Fluid discharge from the ears, mouth, nose
  • Biliousness
  • Loss of awareness
  • Confusion / Anxiety / Irritability
  • Indistinct speech / Seizure
  • Foggy vision
  • Fracture / Stiff neck
  • Failure to move the limbs

Related Video On Head Traumas

 

 

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