Geographic tongue or benign migratory glossitis is a harmless condition that affects the top and sides of the tongue. This condition causes the areas of papillae to turn white and red along with white and pink patches can be seen on the tongue that changes positions from time to time. Sometimes, the tongue is sensitive to hot, spicy or acidic foods. The red part of the tongue becomes infected with thrush or Candida and result to sores, burning pain and bad breath. People with psoriasis are more susceptible to develop this condition.
- The patches varies in size, shape and color
- The patches have white or light-colored borders
- The patches can develop in one area and then move to another part
- The condition can come and go or change suddenly in days, weeks or even months.
- The condition can last for a year
- To help lessen discomfort caused by geographic tongue, avoid or minimize foods that cause irritation on the sensitive tissues of the tongue and make the condition worse and difficult to heal. Avoid spicy, hot and salty foods, heavily flavored candies, acidic fruits and vegetables, sugary foods, processed foods and tobacco products.
- Increase the intake of fluids since hydration helps stimulate the production of saliva and promotes oral health. Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day or suck on ice cubes. Eat frozen fruits and vegetables such as watermelon and cucumber. Drinking at least 1-2 glasses of coconut water, chilled herbal teas such as green or chamomile tea helps with the condition. Avoid coffee, sugary drinks and alcoholic beverages.
- Using vegetable glycerine helps keep the tongue properly moistened and for fast healing of the area as well as help eliminate bad breath. Soak a cotton ball in vegetable glycerine and apply it on the affected tongue, wait for at least 5 minutes and then brush the tongue using a soft-bristled toothbrush. Rinse with water. Perform this procedure at least 2 times every day for several days. Glycerine mouth wash can also be used for 2-3 times every day.
- Aloe vera has anti-inflammatory and healing properties that helps treat the condition. Aloe vera also helps eliminate bad breath. Extract the gel from a fresh aloe vera leaf and then apply in the affected tongue, wait for 10 minutes and rinse it off using lukewarm water. Use aloe vera juice in rinsing the mouth at least 2- 3 times every day.
- In a glass of water, mix it with a tablespoon of raw unfiltered apple cider vinegar and ¼ teaspoon baking soda, mix them well and use this solution as mouthwash to prevent infections or oral thrush. It also helps restore the natural pH balance of the mouth and prevent infections.
- Rub an ice cube on the tongue to lessen the pain.
- Brushing the teeth at least twice every day and regular flossing
- Avoid being stressed